Benzene, a volatile organic chemical, is a clear, colorless aromatic liquid. It is highly flammable. It is formed through natural processes, such as volcanoes and forest fires. It is also formed from industrial processes. Benzene is also a natural part of crude oil, gasoline and cigarette smoke. The greatest use of benzene is as a building block for making plastics, rubber, resins and synthetic fabrics like nylon and polyester. Other uses include: as a solvent in printing, paints, dry cleaning, etc. The major sources of benzene in drinking water are discharge from factories; and leaching from gas storage tanks and landfills.
Some people who drink water containing benzene well in excess of the maximum contaminant level (MCL) for many years could experience anemia or a decrease in blood platelets, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer.
MCL ADVISORY - ACTION IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
Benzene levels were detected in your water sample to exceed the maximum contaminant level (MCL).
ACTION IS OPTIONAL
Benzene levels were detected in your water sample but do not exceed the maximum contaminant level.
- ODH Health Assessment Fact Sheet - Benzene
- ODH Health Assessment Fact Sheet - BTEX
- ATSDR ToxFAQs Fact Sheet - Benzene
- Water Systems Council - wellcare® information for you about Benzene & Groundwater