Lead is a toxic metal that was used for many years in products found in and around homes. Even at low levels, lead may cause a range of health effects including behavioral problems and learning disabilities. Children, six years old and under, are most at risk because this is when the brain is developing. The primary source of lead exposure for most children is lead-based paint in older homes. Lead in drinking water can add to that exposure. Lead is sometimes used in household plumbing materials or in water service lines used to bring water from the main to the home.
The effects of lead are the same whether it enters the body through breathing or swallowing. Lead can affect almost every organ and system in your body. The main target for lead toxicity is the nervous system, both in adults and children. Long-term exposure of adults can result in decreased performance in some tests that measure functions of the nervous system. It may also cause weakness in fingers, wrists, or ankles. Lead exposure also causes small increases in blood pressure, particularly in middle-aged and older people and can cause anemia. Exposure to high lead levels can severly damage the brain and kidneys in adults or children and ultimately death. In pregnant women, high levels of exposure to lead may cause miscarriage. High-level exposure in men can damage the organs responsible for sperm production.
For information about the Health Effects of Lead visit the Lead Program websites for
MCLG ADVISORY - ACTION IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
Lead levels were detected in your water sample to exceed the maximum contaminant level goal (MCLG) or action level (AL). MCLG's are non-enforceable goals based on the possible risk and exposure over a lifetime with an adequate margin of safety.
ACTION IS OPTIONAL
Lead levels were detected in your water sample but do not exceed the maximum contaminant level goal (MCLG) or action level (AL). MCLG's are non-enforceable goals based on the possible risk and exposure over a lifetime with an adequate margin of safety.
- Ohio Department of Health - Private Water Systems Program - Lead in Drinking Water from Private Water Systems
- ATSDR ToxFAQs Fact Sheet - Lead
- Water Systems Council - wellcare® information for you about Lead in Drinking Water