Chromium is an odorless and tasteless metallic element. Chromium is found naturally in rocks, plants, soil and volcanic dust, humans and animals. The most common forms of chromium that occur in natural waters in the environment are trivalent chromium (chromium-3), and hexavalent chromium (chromium-6). Chromium-3 is an essential human dietary element and occurs naturally in many vegetables, fruits, meats, grains and yeast. Chromium-6 occurs naturally in the environment from the erosion of natural chromium deposits but it can also be produced by industrial processes. There are demonstrated instances of chromium being released to the environment by leakage, poor storage, or inadequate industrial waste disposal practices.
Chromium-3 is a nutritionally essential element in humans and is often added to vitamins as a dietary supplement. Chromium-3 has relatively low toxicity and would be a concern in drinking water only at very high levels of contamination; Chromium-6 is more toxic and poses potential health risks. People who use water containing total chromium in excess of the maximum contaminant level (MCL) over many years could experience allergic dermatitis.
MCL ADVISORY - ACTION IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
Chromium levels were detected in your water sample to exceed the maximum contaminant level (MCL).
ACTION IS OPTIONAL
Chromium levels were detected in your water sample but do not exceed the maximum contaminant level.
- Ohio Department of Health - Private Water Systems Program - Water Quality
- USEPA - Water: Drinking Water Contaminants - Drinking Water Contaminants
- USEPA - Water: Basic Information about Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants - Basic Information about Chromium in Drinking Water
- ATSDR - Toxic Substances Portal - Chromium
- ATSDR ToxFAQs Fact Sheet - Chromium
- Water Systems Council - wellcare® information for you about Chromium & Groundwater