Cadmium is a natural element in the earthÕs crust. It is usually found as a mineral combined with other elements such as oxygen (cadmium oxide), chlorine (cadmium chloride), or sulfur (cadmium sulfate, cadmium sulfide). All soils and rocks, including coal and mineral fertilizers, contain some cadmium. Most cadmium used in the United States is extracted during the production of other metals like zinc, lead, and copper. Cadmium does not corrode easily and has many uses, including batteries, pigments, metal coatings, and plastics.
Drinking water with very high levels severely irritates the stomach, leading to vomiting and diarrhea. Long-term exposure to lower levels of cadmium in water leads to a buildup of cadmium in the kidneys and possible kidney disease. Other long-term effects are lung damage and fragile bones.
MCL ADVISORY - ACTION IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
Cadmium levels were detected in your water sample to exceed the maximum contaminant level (MCL).
ACTION IS OPTIONAL
Cadmium levels were detected in your water sample but do not exceed the maximum contaminant level.
- Ohio Department of Health - Private Water Systems Program - Water Quality
- USEPA - Water: Drinking Water Contaminants - Drinking Water Contaminants
- USEPA - Water: Basic Information about Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants - Basic Information about Cadmium in Drinking Water
- ATSDR - Toxic Substances Portal - Cadmium
- ATSDR ToxFAQs Fact Sheet - Cadmium